Civil War: The United States is headed for a second split | Adelaide Now
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Armed Forces:. Across the United States, military memorials and monuments commemorate wars, battles, and those who lived and served during those times. Popular points of interest by each major war include:. Ask us any question about the U. Ironically, this very conviction led Southern educators to talk seriously for the first time about educating the black people among them.
Baptist ministers, especially, sought to pass resolutions encouraging their congregations to work politically toward repealing laws banning slave literacy. Within the privacy of the southern slave quarters, the Bible told a different tale.
The slaves had their preachers too, as well as their own secret religious gatherings. In fact, there was strong practical incentive to do so, because often it was only through obedience and subservience that slaves avoided the lash and other penalties. Yet at the end of the day, slave religion emphasized that God would change their earthly situation and punish the cruelty of the slave holders.
Who Won the Civil War?
It strengthened their resolve to follow the Underground Railroad in the face of untold risks and dangers toward what they supposed would be a new life in freedom. Their religious beliefs became vocal in their spirituals—songs full of their pain, sorrow and resignation, their hope, joy and rebellion. While the runaway slaves sought the protection of the northern army, buoyed by religious messages of freedom and redemption, the armies of the South fought to maintain their right to own those slaves and otherwise to determine their own destinies, both politically and economically.
As good news for the Confederacy dwindled, the religious press filled the lackluster newspaper columns with ringing stories of revival in the military. With such news to cling to, the demoralized populace of the South now looked to the army for their spiritual hope. Even the secular press got in on the spin.
Is the US destined for another civil war
Meetings are still held in every part of the army; and in many, if not all the brigades, meeting-houses have been constructed for their own use, and faithful chaplains nightly preach to large and deeply attentive congregations. Did they turn to religion out of a growing certainty that theirs was a lost war? Perhaps some did, but it was far more complicated than that.
Facing failure, they needed to know that they had not fought in vain. Jackson rallied his troops with his conviction that God would give the victory to them. When he died on the battlefield, his memory and the strength of his conviction lived on. When all was said and done, religion formed the backbone of the South in the Civil War.
It affirmed the spirituality of the southern church, and it gave the white South its self-proclaimed sacred identity. God had not deserted the South, they declared, but had rather disciplined them in a refining fire that would hone them for a higher calling, yet to be revealed. For the black South, religion formed a mighty rallying point for freedom fighters and the cause of equality. It empowered African Americans with a cultural and shared language that would fuel their entry into leadership, civil rights, the arts, and education.
Regional biases live on, so where you teach may play a part in the views your students have formed.
An important facet of your work in presenting the Civil War from the Southern perspective will be in helping your students to put aside their biases for the sake of a deeper, more nuanced understanding of the people, whether northern or southern, black or white, religious or not, who participated in the conflict. In order to do this, you may need to give your students an opportunity to express their opinions. Best case, you can set up a chart and write out the various views represented in the class.
This is the first step in moving class discussion toward an evenhanded, contextualized discussion of the Civil War, and especially of how religion informed the people engaged in the conflict. You may want to give your students the opportunity to do some research on antebellum southern life. Much has been made of plantation life on the grand scale that cotton and sugar produced.
But the majority of southerners did not live on huge plantations. Townspeople often employed white and freed black workers to run their businesses and factories. What all southerners had in common was their dependence on the slave economy.
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They viewed the North, with its superior resources and industrialization, as exploitive and irreligious. Make sure your students understand that the North—and especially New England—had made itself obnoxious to the South with regard to expansion across the continent.
Politicians, ministers, and abolitionists used the occasion of western settlement to preach and act against not only slavery but also the economy that depended on it. Southerners did not share the long-held northern assumptions about a special status in the eyes of God that could only be realized in a single Union. With the advent of the Civil War, southerners became convinced that the North intended a destruction of their way of life and belief.
American Civil War
In your discussion, remind your students that people make sense to themselves. Southerners, raised in a slave economy and versed in biblical language that had been amply applied to the context of that economy, truly believed that they were the good guys. Those in the North, of course, believed the same of themselves.
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